Orthopaedic injuries are the example of so-called repetitive strain injuries. They occur as a result of a repetitive injury within the same structure. Owing to such repetitive injury chronic inflammation, strain of ligaments and bone fractures may develop. Chronic pain, bruises and oedema are the symptoms of all of them. (more…)
Bone fractures occur rapidly, when e.g. practising such sports in which a strong hit may be involved, as boxing or basketball. They may also develop gradually over a longer period of time, such as stress fractures in runners.
X-ray allows us to see the bone shape and structure, as well as the space between the bones which is referrred to as the joint space, and is mostly filled with cartilage. The cartilage and soft tissues are not visible on an x-ray, as they do not absorb the radiation. Obtaining an x-ray image is essential in diagnostics of bone lesions (inflammations, fractures, cancers). (more…)
First, call the emergency medical services (EMS). A patient should be placed with the leg stretched out flat. The patient should have the shoe and the sock taken off from the injured foot; this is also true for any other item, which is likely to compress the swollen, injured joint. If an open wound is present, it should be covered with a big and thick sterile dressing. The leg should be immobilized using a blanket, a cushion, a rolled-up magazine or by fastening to the other limb using bandages. (more…)
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